Candy, Nuts and Chewing Gum Collectibles
Candy is short for Sugar Candy. Early names for candy included sugar plums, maple syrup candy, lollipops, pralines and lemon drops. Peppermint drops were also known as peppermint sticks. Hard candy was called a sucker and sourballs appeared about 1900. Taffy was taffy pulls and also known as toffe. Salt Water Taffy became associated with the Atlantic City Boardwalk in the 1880s.
In England fancy, soft or filled candies were called sweetmeats. The French style candy was called Bon Bon or Good-Good. By the 1860s chocolate creams were an American favorite. Along with peanut candy, peanut and molasses candy or peanut brittle.
In the late 1800s children were asking for gumdrops, jawbreakers, vinegar candy and licorice whips plus many other such as penut candy. Adults were asking for milk chocolate and fudge in the late 1800s while white divinity fudge wasn't heard of until about 1910. By 1905 jelly beans were popular and the term candy bar became an American institution during World War I. New brands of candy such as Cotton Candy appear in 1926. The Tootsie Rool was the first American paper wrapped penny candy.
Chewing Gum is an American term and an American craze. Colonist saw Indians chewing the resin of the sweet gum tree. In 1805 spruce gum from the spruce tree became the first commercially sold gum for chewing. It wasn't wasn't until the late 1800s that the term chewing gum became popular and traditionally, it was made of chicle, a natural latex product. William Semple filed the first patent on chewing gum in 1869.
Around 1872 Thomas Adams of NY mixed chicle with hot water and rolled it into balls, then sold the "Adams New York Gum" for 1 cent. He later introducted a gum flavored with sassafras, then a licorice flavored gum called Black Jack. Yucatan, a peppermint flavored gum was introduced by William White in 1880, this brand contained corn syrup. Adams introduced the first vending machine in the 1880s using the device to sell his tutti-frutti gumballs. Yes, this was the first gumball machine.
William Wrigley founded the Wrigley, jr Co. in 1898 and produced such popular brands as Wrigley's Spearmint, Juicy Fruit and Doublemint. Bubblegum is a type of chewing gum that is especially designed for blowing bubbles. It was introducted by Frank Fleer and called Blibber-Blubber.
The Most Popular brands are: Adam's, Bazooka Joe, Beech-Nut, Fruit Stripe, Beemans, Black Jack, Chiclets, Clark's Teaberry, Marukawa, Wrigley's, Airwaves, Big Red, Doublemint, Eclipse, Extra, Juicy Fruit, Orbit, Spearmint, Dentyne, Dentyne Classic, Dentyne Ice, Dentyne Fire, and Trident.
Cracker Jack is a brand of snack consisting of caramel-coated popcorn and peanuts. It was developed in 1896. The men who invented it were F.W. and Louis Rueckheim and they showed it to a salesman and he said "Cracker Jack", which meant awesome or cool back then, so they named it Cracker Jack. In 1912, prizes were included in Cracker Jack boxes for the first time become a signature feature of the product. "Peanuts, popcorn, Cracker Jack" has been a common cry of vendors at circuses, carnivals, fairs and ball games since the early 1900s.
Since 1918, its mascots have been cartoon characters Sailor Jack and his dog, Bingo. They both appear on the packaging, and have appeared in the product's television commercials. The Cracker Jack Company was purchased in 1964 by Borden, Inc. In 1997, Borden sold the product to Frito-Lay. Marion, Ohio is the only place in the world that makes them now. Also, July 5th is Cracker Jack Day. Recently, a set of baseball cards given as prizes in 1914 sold for $800,000. To say that something was "found in a box of Cracker Jack" is to insinuate that it is poorly made, like a cheap trinket.
The Hershey Company, commonly called Hershey's, is the world's largest chocolate company. The headquarters are located in Hershey, Pennsylvania. It was founded by Milton S. Hershey in 1894 as the Hershey Chocolate Company, a subsidiary of his Lancaster Caramel company.
Hershey's candies are sold worldwide. Hershey's is one of the oldest chocolate companies in the United States, and an American
icon for its chocolate bar. Today, The Hershey Company owns many other candy companies.
Other products introduced include MR. Goodbar (1925), Hershey’s Syrup (1926), chocolate chips (1928), and the Krackel bar (1938). The Hershey Company also manufactures a wide variety of other candy products and candy bars: Almond Joy and Mounds, 5th Avenue, Hershey's Kisses, Kit Kat, Krackel, Milk Duds, Payday, Reese's Peanut Butter Cups, Reese's Pieces, York Peppermint Pattie and Hershey's Pops.
Life Savers is a traditional American brand of hard candy. The ring shaped candies are packaged in rolls of about 15 pieces. LifeSavers was a subsidiary of Kraft Foods before being purchased by the Wrigley Company in 2004.
Lifesavers were first created in 1912 by Cleveland, Ohio chocolate candy manufacturer Clarence Crane. He marketed them successfully as "Crane's Pepermint Life Savers" - 5¢ for that Stormy Breath!
The candy got its name due to its resemblance to a life preserver. It has also been claimed that if you were to choke on this candy, the hole in the middle would allow air to pass through, there by essentially saving the choker's life.
M & M
M&M's are small, milk chocolate candy pieces popular in the United States and in many other countries around the world. M&M's were created in 1940 after Forrest Mars Sr. saw Spanish soldiers eating chocolate pellets coated in sugar during the Spanish Civil War. M&M's were first sold in America in 1941.
By World War II, American soldiers were given the candy by the United States Army; soon after this it was marketed to the public. The candies were named for "Mars & Murrie". Mars' business partner was Bruce Murrie, son of rival Milton S. Hershey's partner William Murrie.
The candies were originally made in six colors: red, orange, yellow, green, brown, and violet. In 1993, Mars ran a promotion in which consumers were invited to vote on which of blue, pink, or purple would be introduced. Blue was the winner, and was added in early 1995. The tan candies were eliminated at this time.
Planters is an American snack food company, best known for its peanuts and the Mr. Peanut icon that symbolizes them.
Started by Amedeo Obici, an Italian immigrant in 1906, it was incorporated in 1908 as the Planter Nut & Chocolate Co. Its main products these days are processed nuts of various kinds. It is a division of Kraft Foods.
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